Today in History: October 31
Highlights in history on this date:
1917: The 4th Light Horse Brigade makes a bold charge through the Turkish lines at Beersheba. Among those killed is a famous Australian cricketer, fast bowler Albert "Tibby" Cotter.
1926: Magician Harry Houdini dies in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
1940: Battle of Britain in World War II is officially designated to have ended.
1968: President Lyndon Johnson orders a halt to all US bombing of North Vietnam.
1973: The US ends a worldwide military alert called during hostilities in Middle East.
1974: Britain, France and the US veto a motion at the UN to expel South Africa.
1983: Death toll increases to more than 1100 in earthquake that ravaged eastern Turkey the previous day.
1984: India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is shot and mortally wounded by her Sikh bodyguards in reprisal for the Indian army attack on a Sikh shrine four months earlier.
1986: US Secretary of State George Shultz accuses Soviet Union of what he calls the brutal and profoundly repressive treatment of its people.
1987: Iran says it is ready to co-operate on implementing the UN Security Council's ceasefire resolution.
1993: Death of US actor River Phoenix in Los Angeles aged 23.
1995: A bomb attack on offices of the main anti-government group in northern Iraq kills at least 22 people.
1996: All 96 people on-board a Brazilian jetliner die when it crashes into a residential neighbourhood in Sao Paulo shortly after takeoff.
1998: Iraq announces it will no longer allow UN weapons inspectors to work in the country.
2001: A New York hospital worker with a mysterious case of inhalation anthrax dies, the nation's fourth fatality in a month of bioterrorism.
2002: About 26 children and one teacher are killed when a school collapses during an earthquake southeast of Rome.
2004: Caravans carrying activists travelling from as far as Canada arrive in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, to demand authorities find the culprits behind a string of unsolved killings committed against women since 1993 in this rough border city.
2006: British politicians narrowly reject a proposal for an immediate inquiry into the role of Prime Minister Tony Blair's government in the Iraq conflict.
2007: Three lead defendants in the 2004 Madrid train bombings are found guilty of mass murder and other charges in a Spanish court, but four other top suspects are convicted on lesser charges and an accused ringleader is acquitted.
2008: Former Federal Court judge Marcus Einfeld pleads guilty to knowingly making a false statement on oath and to making a false statement with intent to pervert the course of justice, later sentenced to a maximum of three years in jail.
2010: A former teenage al-Qaeda fighter is sentenced to eight more years in custody under the terms of a plea agreement, unsealed after a military sentencing jury said Canadian-born Omar Khadr should serve 40 years for war crimes in Afghanistan.
2012: Australian-born human rights activist Peter Tatchell is arrested after he tries to reach the car of Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono during a London visit.
2013: The Australian Electoral Commission says 1375 votes have been lost in the WA Senate re-count.
2014: The council assisting the trade union royal commission clears former prime minister Julia Gillard of any crime but criticises her conduct as a lawyer in the 1990s.
2 015: The All Blacks beat the Wallabies 34-17 at Twickenham to win their third Rugby World Cup title.
2016: About 200 staff return to work at Dreamworld after four people were killed on the Thunder River Rapids ride days earlier, but the theme park stays closed to the public until December 10.
2017: Greens senator Nick McKim warns of "grim" conditions on Manus Island as detention centre closes.
2018: New Zealand woman Jo Morgan digs herself out of an avalanche that killed two experienced mountain guides at the summit of Mount Hicks.
Les Darcy, Australian boxer (1895-1917); Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker champion (1929-2004); John Candy, US actor (1950-1994); Peter Jackson, NZ film director (1961); Rob Schneider, US actor-comedian (1963); Vanilla Ice, US rapper (1967); Linn Berggren, Swedish rock singer (Ace of Base) (1970); Christie Hayes, Australian actor (1986).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"An old error is always more popular than a new truth." - German proverb.